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Ford Focus Fuel Cell - Hydrogen
For The Masses
By Rebecca Kavanagh, FCN - Ford
Motor Company is not content to take a backseat position in
protecting the environment. With the world’s enormous reliance
on fossil fuels, Ford has no choice but to seriously contend
with the matter of global warming. That’s why the company has
launched an urgent, multilevel approach to finding solutions.
Ford’s strategy for sustainability
is built around a variety of technologies that attack this
challenge from several angles. Today’s focus is:
Ford began working on hydrogen
technology in the early 1990s. The company’s first hydrogen
internal combustion engine demonstration vehicle, released in
2001, was based on a lightweight aluminum sedan body, which also
was used in the development of the company’s first drivable
hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.
The company currently has a fleet
of 30 hydrogen-powered Focus fuel cell vehicles on the road as
part of a worldwide, seven-city program to conduct real world
testing of fuel cell technology. The fleet has accumulated more
than 650,000 miles since its inception. With this fleet on the
ground, information is being generated in different local
environmental conditions that can be integrated into future fuel
cell vehicle propulsion systems.
In addition, Ford recently
partnered with the Wayne County Airport Authority and the
Southeast Michigan Council of Governments to deliver two Ford
E-450 hydrogen-fueled buses for use at Detroit Metropolitan
Airport. As travelers are shuttled between terminals on the
eco-friendly buses, CO2 emissions are reduced by 99.7 percent.
Powered by a 6.8-liter V-10
internal combustion engine that runs exclusively on hydrogen
fuel, the highly efficient Ford E-450 shuttle buses have near
zero emissions of regulated pollutants and greenhouse gases, and
are also all-weather capable.
Ford has also supplied these
ultra-clean buses to sites in locations such as Orlando, Las
Vegas and Canadian provinces.
“Ford is the world’s first
automaker to deliver commercial vehicles powered by internal
combustion engines that are fueled exclusively with hydrogen,”
says Sue Cischke, senior vice president, Sustainability,
Environment and Safety Engineering. “These buses represent part
of our strategy and commitment to delivering transportation
solutions that emit less CO2 and reduce our dependence on oil.”
(April 20, 2008)